Determine if there is a correlation between gender, socio-economic status, and HIV infection rates.

week 2 q2 spr

Since I am a team lead on my unit, I frequently teach nursing students or new orientees. I initially chose the article about the nursing student’s first clinical experience- this was a conversation we recently had at work- but the entire article was written in some Nordic language that I can’t read. I was disappointed because I was very interested in the subject.

Gender and poverty in South Africa in the era of HIV/AIDS: A quantitative study.

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Research problems: The research problem suggested in this article is the need for further investigation into why this group of under-educated, poverty stricken head of households “single women had a significantly higher HIV prevalence than married, divorced, or widowed women.”

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a correlation between gender, socio-economic status, and HIV infection rates.

Objective: The goal of this article was to educate the reader on a correlation between gender, poverty, and HIV infection rates in South Africa. It suggests that as a targeted group with a very high risk, by supporting these women with continued education opportunities and the betterment of their economic status may be an important step in the fight against HIV (Shisana, Rice, Zungu, & Zuma, 2010).

Hypothesis: The single female head of household population in South Africa is more likely to live in poverty, and is at higher risk for HIV infection.

Credibility and Validity: The statements included in the article describing the sources of information, the ratio of males to females, the manner in which they were surveyed, all add to the validity of the research.  “The way samples are selected, responses are measured, and data are managed can all inhibit or enhance validity” (Houser, 2018). As the reader it would be difficult to prove or disprove the facts and figures presented, but we must trust that the process of being published in a respected medical journal would lend itself to the credibility of the sources.

Houser, J. (2018). Nursing Research: Reading, Using and Creating Evidence.Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Shisana, O., Rice, K., Zungu, N., & Zuma, K. (2010). Gender and poverty in South Africa in the era of HIV/AIDS: A quantitative study. Journal of Women’s Healt

 
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