GI Case Study: H. Pylori infection
Questions: As an NP student, needs to determine the medications for recurrent H. Pylori infection.
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Chief complaint: “ I have recurrent H. Pylori infection”.
M.C. a 46-year-old hispanic female presents to the GI clinic for complaint of recurrent H. Pylori infection. She was treated about 2 ½ months ago with H. Pylori triple therapy and failed treatment. She has pmhx of dyspepsia, GERD.
She also indicates that she has noticed that her symptoms of dyspepsia are worsening for past 2 months. She has associated her symptoms with nausea, upset stomach with all foods.
Denies associated symptoms of hematochezia, melena, hemoptysis, abdominal pain, fever, chills, pain or any other symptoms.
Diabetes Mellitus, type 2
She receives an annual flu shot. Last flu shot was this year
High school graduate, married and no children. He frequently eats out in restaurants. He drinks one 4-ounce glass of red wine daily. He is a former smoker that stopped 3 years ago.
Both parents are alive. Father has history of DM type 2, Tinea Pedis.
mother alive and has history of atopic dermatitis, tinea corporis and tinea pedis.
Constitutional: Negative for fever. Negative for chills.
Respiratory: No Shortness of breath. No Orthopnea
Cardiovascular: No edema. No palpitations.
Gastrointestinal: No vomiting. +Dyspepsia. + Nausea. No constipation. No melena. No abdominal pain.
Skin: No lesions. No rash. No itching.
Psychiatric: No anxiety. No depression.
Height: 5 feet 5 inches Weight: 140 pounds BMI: 31 obesity, BP 110/70 T 98.0 po P 80 R 22, non-labored
HEENT: Normocephalic/Atraumatic, PERRL, EOMI; No teeth loss seen. Gums no redness.
NECK: Neck supple, no palpable masses, no lymphadenopathy, no thyroid enlargement.
LUNGS: Lungs clear bilaterally. Equal breath sounds. Symmetrical respiration. No respiratory distress.
HEART: Normal S1 with S2 during expiration. Pulses are 2+ in upper extremities. No edema.
ABDOMEN: No abdominal distention. Nontender. Bowel sounds + x 4 quadrants. No organomegaly. Normal contour; No palpable masses.
GENITOURINARY: No CVA tenderness bilaterally. GU exam deferred.
MUSCULOSKELETAL: Slow gait but steady. No Kyphosis.
SKIN: Dry. Intact.
PSYCH: Normal affect. Cooperative.
Labs day of visit:: Hgb 15.2, Hct 40%, K+ 4.0, Na+137, Serum Creatinine normal 1.0, AST/ALT normal. TSH 3.7 normal, glucose 98 normal
Peptic Ulcer Disease
Previous medication plan: two months ago and failed.
- Clarithromycin 500 mg po BID for 2 weeks
- Omeprazole 40 mg po BID for 2 weeks and then po daily.
- Cipro 500 mg po BID for 2 weeks
Pt had EGD done 2 weeks ago that showed H. Pylori positive gastritis in biopsy results.
Urea breath test 8 weeks after treat with H. Pylori medications. Pt needs to stop PPI’s 2 weeks prior to Urea Breath test.
Labs: No new labs are needed.
Referrals: may refer based on effect of medication therapy given for 2 weeks.
Follow up: return to office in 8 weeks to reevaluate her symptoms.