Healthcare Policy Analysis and Development

Module 2: Critical Thinking

Policy Development

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Health policies are the decisions, strategies, as well as actions which are carried out to realize particular health care objectives within the society (Brooker, & Repper, 2009). Some policies are implemented in order to assist a particular population in the society. One such group is the people living with HIV/AIDS and related issues. HIV/AIDS remains to be one of the main global public health issues with alarming statistics. The disease has claimed more than thirty five million lives up to now. Approximately 1.0 million people succumbed to HIV-related illnesses globally (“HIV/AIDS”, 2017). Every person can acquire the virus since it is transmitted through blood. However, key populations that are at increased risk of contracting the virus regardless of epidemic type include gays, individuals who inject themselves with drugs, the people in prisons as well as the people in other closed settings, sex commercial workers and transgender individuals.

Deficiencies of HIV/AIDS Workplace Policy

The current HIV/AIDS workplace policy is mainly aimed at executing the global vision of reducing the infection rate amongst the individuals and addressing stigma. The policy is anchored on strategies and actions which will be implemented to handle HIV/AIDS as well as related illnesses, and stipulating the goals to be accomplished by the institution and governments. However, there are various deficiencies surrounding the policy that necessitates some improvements. The policy overlooks some of the pertinent issues that hinder the realization of the long-term goals. A big number of individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS are sometimes victims of human rights abuses. Each workplace ought to establish an HIV/AIDS place of work policy, to make sure that the workers affected by /the virus are not unfairly victimized or discriminated against when it comes to occupational procedures and practices. HIV/AIDS health problems in the work environment cannot be deliberated in seclusion from other development areas, for instance education, emergency responses and counseling, among others.

There is information deficiency in the HIV/AIDS workplace policy affecting its administration. It does not comprehensively spell out the roles and responsibilities of the different stakeholders in fulfilling or implementing the undertakings of the policy plan. The individuals infected with the virus face a lot of stigma especially those around them who do not understand or appreciate their condition (Mahajan, et al, 2008). Organizations with educated personnel require a well-thought-out place of work program as awareness might be high but there are gaps in knowledge as well as attitude, and the high risk behaviors still persist Raising more awareness about these gaps is a subject which requires to be entrenched in the policy formulation and development is important.

Vision of Changes

HIV/AIDS workplace policies as well as plans are indispensible instruments for coordinating the health issues in organizations. Devoid of such coordination, the victims are more probably to be addressed in an unproductive and disjointed way. The policies most of the time fails to look at cost implication and therefore hinder the policy establishments especially in the small and medium enterprises (Vass, Phakathi, & Human Sciences Research Council 2006). Policies have a higher chance of achieving the desired outcome when they mirror a strong or vibrant devotion from governments, when they are well abstracted, consistent with the current evidence base as well as the worldwide standards. In addition, HIV/AIDS workplace policies ought to reflect an extensive agreement among the major stakeholders. As part of improving the policy, there is a need to assist government and organizations to assess, in as broad way as possible, the condition of existing workplace policies and what needs to be changed.

HIV/AIDS workplace ought to assume a unique approach in dealing with the gaps in knowledge and attitude or deficiencies that currently exist. The involved people in executing the policy should assess the available option for supporting sustainable plans that are inclusive. Supporting the people infected with the virus is based on the principle that individuals can assume more meaningful roles or duties in the workplace regardless of the challenges that accompany their condition. There is a need to increase the avenues for disseminating information so that clarity of responsibilities for the stakeholders is well-defined. Increased awareness such as through leveraging technology will bring more people on board in assisting the people with HIV/AIDS.

Gaining Support for the Vision

Global health policies require to be developed in-house as a way of responding to the local needs. However, they can be supported externally through subscribing to international standards that suit the mental health situation within the country. One way of realizing this is through facilitating discussions as well as consultations amongst the diverse stakeholders that are interested in HIV/AIDS health reform and development within the workplace environments. It is also quite imperative to collaborate with organizations or leaders in a bid to design a robust mental health policy framework that can assist in achieving the desired goals. Disease-based stigmatization and stigmatization plays an important role in how the affected individuals respond to the workplace environment and illness (Heymann, 2003). Collaborative efforts are required in reinforcing acceptance and appreciation of this population as a way of reducing infection increasing their motivation.

Needed Funding

Policy development requires a lot of resources for it to be effective especially when funding various activities or services identified. The local institutions involved in the process can be funded by the government and other private actors. This can be one of the most efficient ways of availing resources in reference to the management of mental health problems in the country. Apart from that, there are international bodies that finance such projects such as the World Health Organization (WHO) among others. The UNAIDS is one of the organizations that are active in funding programs and policies around the world which are aimed at achieving the mutual vision of zero new HIV infections. (“Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030”, 2018). These global organizations are important financiers in policy development.


HIV/AIDS workplace policy is one of the most important areas of human well-being that needs critical attention when developing policies. There are various gaps in the existing policy that necessitate constructing knowledge as well as competences of policy makers, health planners and also the providers of these services. Through these efforts, there will be meaningful progress and superior outcomes from the process.


Brooker, C., & Repper, J. (2009). Mental health: From policy to practice. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.

Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. (2018). Unaids.org. Retrieved 25 January 2018, from http://www.unaids.org/

Heymann, J. (2003). Global inequalities at work: Work’s impact on the health of individuals, families, and societies. New York: Oxford University Press.

HIV/AIDS. (2017). World Health Organization. Retrieved 25 January 2018, from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs360/en/

Mahajan, A. P., Sayles, J. N., Patel, V. A., Remien, R. H., Ortiz, D., Szekeres, G., & Coates, T. J. (2008). Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward. AIDS (London, England), 22(Suppl 2), S67.

Vass, J., Phakathi, S., & Human Sciences Research Council (Sydafrika). (2006). Managing HIV in the workplace: Learning from SMEs. Cape Town: HSRC Press

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